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What is Noun?
Ans. A noun is a word that names a person, place, a thing or idea.
- Persons: Prophet (PBUH), Ali Doctor, Teacher etc.
- Place: Makkah, City, Town, Peshawar
- Thing: Rose, Water, Pen, Fan
- Idea: Goodness, Love, Belief, respect, Islam
For regular noun the plural is made simply by adding “s” or “es” to the end of the world.
Singular =>> Plural
book =>> books
dish =>> dishes
zoo =>> zoos
boy =>> boys
For irregular noun the plural does not form by simply adding “s” or “es” to the end.
Singular =>> Plural
knife =>> knives
story =>> stories
tooth =>> teeth
Q. What is possessive noun?
Ans. Possessive noun and pronoun demonstrate ownership or some similar relationship over something else.
Q. What are articles?
Ans. An article in a word used to modify a noun, which is a person, a place, an object or an idea. “The”, “a” and “an” are articles.
There is cricket match at stadium today. (a and the)
No game is free, but parking costs Rs = 50. (the and a)
Bring hat and umbrella, because it might rain, (a and an)
Note: In grammar most cases a can be put before a world start from vowel like apple so we can write it like an apple Animate Nouns: A noun which refers to peoples, animals and living being is an animate noun.
Inanimate Noun: Refers to things that are not alive.
For example: The teacher wrote a book.
In above sentence teacher is alive so an animate noun and book is not alive so it is inanimate noun.
Pronouns: The words we use instead of noun is called pronoun. For example he, she it etc.
|Subject Pronouns||Object Pronouns||Subject Pronouns||Object Pronouns||Subject Pronouns||Object Pronouns|
Possessive Pronoun: A pronoun indicating possession is called possessive pronoun.
For example: mine, yours, hers, theirs etc.
We can use possessive pronouns instead of a noun.
|Is that Arifs bicycle?||No, it’s my bicycle||No, it’s mine.|
|Whose house is this?||Is it your house?||It is yours|
|Her bag is grey, my bag is brown||Her bag is grey||Mine is brown|
Indefinite Pronoun: Refers to people or thing without saying exactly who or what they are.
For example: Somebody, anyone, something, nobody, everything, everybody, nothing, etc.
Q. What is Minimal Pairs?
Ans. A pair of words differing only by one sound in the same position in each word is called M P
Examples: Pin and Bin, Bet and Bed
Some examples of the Minimal Nouns Pairs
Linking Verbs: They do not show action; instead they link the subject with a word or words in the predicate that tell something about the subject.
|He was a good teacher||=||
Noun + Verb + Noun
|She is very sad||=||
Noun + Verb + Adjective
Some linking verbs are: Become, appear, feel, look, remain, seem and grow.
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