Learn Basic English Grammar Step by Step With Examples And Definitions Part-2

Learn online here English Grammar Basic Step by Step with Solved examples and definitions of all helpful notes. You can learn English and Grammar here Basics to advance level here.

English Grammar Notes

What is Noun?

Ans. A noun is a word that names a person, place, a thing or idea.

For example:

  1. Persons: Prophet (PBUH), Ali Doctor, Teacher etc.
  2. Place: Makkah, City, Town, Peshawar
  3. Thing: Rose, Water, Pen, Fan
  4. Idea: Goodness, Love, Belief, respect, Islam

Regular Noun:

For regular noun the plural is made simply by adding “s” or “es” to the end of the world.

For example:

Singular =>> Plural
book =>> books
dish =>> dishes
zoo =>> zoos
boy =>> boys

Irregular Noun:

For irregular noun the plural does not form by simply adding “s” or “es” to the end.

For example:

Singular =>> Plural
knife =>> knives
story =>> stories
tooth =>> teeth

Q. What is possessive noun?

Ans. Possessive noun and pronoun demonstrate ownership or some similar relationship over something else.

Q. What are articles?

Ans. An article in a word used to modify a noun, which is a person, a place, an object or an idea. “The”, “a” and “an” are articles.

For example:

  • There is cricket match at stadium today. (a and the)
  • No game is free, but parking costs Rs = 50. (the and a)
  • Bring hat and umbrella, because it might rain, (a and an)

Note: In grammar most cases a can be put before a world start from vowel like apple so we can write it like an apple Animate Nouns: A noun which refers to peoples, animals and living being is an animate noun.

Inanimate Noun: Refers to things that are not alive.
For example: The teacher wrote a book.

In above sentence teacher is alive so an animate noun and book is not alive so it is inanimate noun.

Pronouns: The words we use instead of noun is called pronoun. For example he, she it etc.

Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns
I Me She Her He Him
You You It It They Them
We Us


Possessive Pronoun: A pronoun indicating possession is called possessive pronoun.

For example: mine, yours, hers, theirs etc.
We can use possessive pronouns instead of a noun.



Possessive pronoun

Is that Arifs bicycle? No, it’s my bicycle No, it’s mine.
Whose house is this? Is it your house? It is yours
Her bag is grey, my bag is brown Her bag is grey Mine is brown

Indefinite Pronoun: Refers to people or thing without saying exactly who or what they are.

For example: Somebody, anyone, something, nobody, everything, everybody, nothing, etc.

Q. What is Minimal Pairs?

Ans. A pair of words differing only by one sound in the same position in each word is called M P

Examples: Pin and Bin, Bet and Bed
Some examples of the Minimal Nouns Pairs

Sink Think Whizz With Free Three
Sing Thing Breathe Breeze Fin Thin
Sick Thick Vest West Fresh thresh
Pass Path Vow Wow Throw Thrill
Alive Arrive Play Pay Vest Guest
Lead Read Wright Right Viper Wiper
Artist Atelier Vent Went Work Walk


Linking Verbs: They do not show action; instead they link the subject with a word or words in the predicate that tell something about the subject.

For example:

He was a good teacher =

Noun + Verb + Noun

She is very sad =

Noun + Verb + Adjective

Some linking verbs are: Become, appear, feel, look, remain, seem and grow.

Learn Part I Here >> Read Part I

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